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   Annual Report 2006 - 2007 . . .

Introduction
Vision Mission
Awards
Honours Conferred
Children Programme
   Child Protection Project
   Child Protection Project [ III Phase ]
   Nagai CHILDLINE
   Child Development Project
   Ilanthalir Adoption Programme
   Community Awareness on Education
   Preschool Education
Women's Programme
   Equitable Rehabilitation of Tsunami Victims
 
  Women Empowerment Programme
   Vidiyal - Family Counselling Centre
   Adikalam - Short Stay Home for Women
   Vocational Training - Silladi
 
  Marumalarchi Swadhar Home
Health Programme
   Young People Community Peer Education Programme
   Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS
   Puthumalar - Prevention of alcoholism and substance [drugs] abuse
Elder Programme
   Anubavam Home for Aged
   Sponsor a Granny Programme
   Elders Rehabilitation Programme
   Ambujam Home for Aged
   Day Care Centre for the Aged
Community Development Project
 
  Participatory Disaster Proofing of Tsunami Affected Target Villages

   Water and Sanitation Project

Adovocacy and Linkages
Conclusion
Paper Clips
Partener Agencies


   Introduction . . .

Following a terriple fire accident to Scheduled caste residents by upper caste people for demanding a wage increase at Keela Venmani village and to reap the benefits of land reforms, Ms. Ambujam, a Gandhian and disciple of Shri Vinoba Bhave realized that something should be accomplished to ensure equal opportunities to all. Consequently she founded Avvai Village Welfare Society 30 years ago, having in mind the upliftment and empowerment of marginalized groups such as children, women, elders and disasters’ victims.

Since then, Avvai Village Welfare Society has grown to become the biggest organization in Nagapattinam and Thiruvarur districts and one of the most important in Tamil Nadu, thanks to its various accomplishments in favor of the needy. After disaster tsunami affected Nagapattinam, Avvai took up relief and rehabilitation activities.

Avvai runs specific programmes for children, women, elders and special projects. Crèches, child care centre, adoption centre and child development programmes are also being implemented to give children equal opportunity.

Women have been empowered through formation and empowerment of self-help groups, Family Counseling Centre, Short Stay Home and Swadhar Home for deserted women and girls.

Income generation programme, Sponsor -a-Granny programme, Day Care Centre and Home for the Aged programmes have been organized to give love and care to elders.

Health related programmes like HIV/AIDS intervention programme, Out of School Youth programme and De-Addiction programme form part of Avvai’s special programmes which aims at providing awareness to the community.

The reporting period has been a very special year for Avvai with numerous rehabilitation activities undertaken after the terrible tsunami that left many people in despair. In response to the various needs of the people, Avvai has supported the community through rehabilitation measures as well as long-term actions such as child development, child protection, livelihood support, formation and strengthening of community-based organizations, land reclamation and coastal plantation. Avvai pay its kind gratitude to all resource agencies for joining hands with us to carry-out multi phase programmes for the deprived communities.


   Vision Misson . . .

Vision
Upliftment of the marginalized sections of society in India through supportive services

Mission
Enhancing equitable and self - sustainable opportunities in the areas of education, health, livelihood, gender, challenged and environment through community based organizations to the marginalised sections including disaster affected.

   Awards . . .


“Social Responsibility Award”
from Honourable Surjith Singh Burnala, Governor, TamilNadu for implementing Elders Care programmes in Nagapattinam supported by HelpAge India.

State Level Award for Best SHG-Bank Linkage Program~ 2000-01
State Level Award for Best SHG-Bank Linkage Program~ 2002-03

State Level Award for Best SHG-Bank Linkage Program~ 2003-04

District Level Award for Best NGO in Skill Development for SHGs,
Thiruvarur~ 2003-04 from District Collector, Thiruvarur.

State Level Award for Best SHG-Bank Linkage Program~ 2004-05

In appreciation of services rendered to the people AVVAI has been conferred with the following awards, which act as a catalyst for us to strive for rendering better service from NABARD



   Honours Conferred . . .

Avvai has been nominated to the following prestigious Government Committees in recognition of the service rendered by us

  • District Social Welfare Committee, Nagapattinam.
  • Anti Eve-Teasing Committee, Nagapattinam.
  • District Level Steering Committee for the Banks, Nagapattinam.
  • District Level Orphanage Committee, Nagapattinam.
  • District Level SGSY Committee, Nagapattinam.
  • District Level Consultative Committee, Nagapattinam
  • Child Labor Squad, Nagapattinam.
  • General Hospital Management Committee, Nagapattinam.
  • District AIDS Advisory Committee, Nagapattinam.
  • District Project Coordination Committee for Mahalir Thittam, Nagapattinam and Thiruvarur.
  • Anti – Liquor Committee, Nagapattinam.
  • Committee for the Elimination of Child Trafficking and Women Prostitution.
  • Resource Committee of SSA Programme, Nagapattinam
  • District Level Committee for the Care of the Mentally retarded
  • District Disabled Rehabilitation Committee, Nagapattinam.

Goal
Enabling 3302 Tsunami affected Children in 13 villages of Nagapattinam District to make aware and protect their rights and establish community based organizations in order to make the project sustainable by 2007

Objectivies
1.To ensure community based mechanism to address child right based issues
2.To establish linkages and carryout advocacy activities in order to make the programme
    sustainable
3.To establish linkages and carryout advocacy activities in order to make the programme
    sustainable

Activity report:
During the period under report 13 Balpanchayats were formed, which had 429 male and 39 female members. All the members were given knowledge and awareness on child rights and child protection issues through capacity building programmes. These Balpanchayats have been meeting once in a month and discussing child rights and child protection issues. The issues discussed included school dropout, child labour, domestic violence, gender issues etc.

13 Child protection committees were formed which had 81 male and 75 female members. . Each committee consist of two child representatives and one each from self help group, youth group and one local panchayat leader, ward member, headmaster and village health nurse. These groups were meeting once in a month. The CPC members were given training on child rights and child protection issues, health and hygiene and gender equity. Some of the issues they took up included prevention of child marriage, 12 children were sent back to school, 13 school dropouts rejoined in SSA non-formal system.

Adolescent and youth groups were formed which had 232 members. All members were given training and awareness on subjects like physical changes during adolescent age, personal, menstrual, sexual hygiene, child rights and child protection issues. These groups were meeting every month and function as link between children and CPC. This helped adolescents especially girls to come out of their home and participate in the village level activities.
These groups made a petition to the Municipal Commissioner and got public toilet renovated at Vantipettai. They took voluntary action to clean up the same village. Through intervention of these groups, public bus timings were changed for the convenience of school going children at Veppancherry village.

Cultural troops:
Initially, five child members from each balpanchayat were identified and were given training in organizing cultural programmes on child related issues by Mr. Ravichandran from NANBAN. These children further went to their own balpanchayat and organized street theatre programmes in each of their village on social issues. The subjects they covered included alcoholism, HIV/AIDS, child marriage, child labour, child sexual abuse and exploitation etc. The programme covered a total of 2485 members.

Child Rights Mapping
In the presence of Panchayat authorities and CPC members, children marked areas in the village which they felt are not safe for children. This helped the elders to understand not only the problem but the location that everyone needs to be careful. Child right violation areas such as child labour, school dropout and domestic violence were also mapped. Mapping exercises were carried out in all 13 project villages.

Other programmes:
Karate classes for self protection of children were organized in 08 villages. Totally 106 children benefited out of this. Play materials were distributed to 13 child activity centres. Tsunami day was remembered through a gathering in which prayers were made for the departed and awareness programme on disaster preparedness was carried out


Impact

It may be noted that, in none of these villages, previous to Avvai’s intervention the concept of child right and child protection issues were known. Due to Avvai’s intervention the whole village and the community especially panchayat members have become aware on child rights and child protection issues.

Through the establishment of various forums such as CPC, Balpanchayat, Adolescents and Youth groups, and their linkages with the local government the activities are also sustainable.

   Child Protection Project [III Phase]. . .
Goal :
Ensuring rights of children through community level institutions and protect children from all sort of right violation in Karaikal of Puducherry State and Nagapattinam District of Tamil Nadu by 2015.
Objectives
1. To reorganize children, youth and adolescent girls clubs in 12 villages of Karaikal and to
      organize children’s clubs in 14 villages in Nagapattinam district by June 2007
2. To form Child Well Being Committees (CWBC) in 12 villages of Karaikal and organize CWBC      in 14 villages of Nagapattinam District by June 2007.
3. To capacitate children, parents, SHGs, CWBC members, teachers and peer educators of      children, youth and adolescent girls club members about child protection and child rights,      and will their institution to protect themselves from abuse, violence, harassment and any     form of child right violence in 26 villages of Nagapattinam and Karaikal Districts by June 2007.

4. To capacitate children, youth and adolescents girls about life skills in 26 villages of
     Nagapattinam and Karaikal District by June 2007.
5. To establish linkages with other NGOs, Government Departments and CBOs, and engage in
    Advocacy activities.

Activities

During the year in all the 26 villages children, youth and adolescents girls’ clubs were formed. These clubs conducted 312 meetings
Capacity building programmes were conducted for all the club members and parents of children. 118 children and 238 parents benefited out of this programme. Trainings on child rights and child violation issues were imparted to 166 SHGs, 29 teachers and 161 CWBC members in Nagapattinam and Karaikal.
Life skill trainings were given to 260 children, 232 youths and 304 adolescent girls. Resource persons were also invited from outside to impart life skills to the participants.
240 peer educators were given training by Avvai’s staff on aspects relating to child rights and child right violations.

Impact

Formation of Child Wellbeing Committees (CWBC) consisting of members from a cross sections of the society in all villages has been a break through. These committees ensure awareness building of child rights, ensure its protection and report all violations taking place in their villages. For the first time, the people of the area have become aware of child right and childprotection issues.


   Nagai CHILDLINE . . .
Goal
Facilitate the functioning of child helpline 1098 in all the villages to help the children in distress in Nagapattinam District by the year 2012

Objectives
     To ensure that helpline calls reach the call centre from all the existing 17 panchayats          including private mobile operators by March 2008.
    To provide emergency assistance to children
     To create and sustain awareness about NAGAI CHILDLINE 1098 and its activities through       open houses, publicity materials, linkages, school campaign, SHGs, etc in all the 17       panchayats in one year’s time
     To work in collaboration with allied systems,the NGOs, CBOs, SHGs and CIF(CHILDLINE        India Foundation) etc, to facilitate best service to children in one year’s time.


Activities

Calls Received
During the year Nagai CHILDLINE received a total of 8603 calls, of this 90 were intervention calls which consisted of calls requesting for medical assistance, shelter, sponsorship, restoration, abuse, parents asking for help, child lost, emotional support and guidance, etc.

Emergency assistance

Assistance were provided for children by restoration of truant children to their parents, finding homes and reaching children to their places of residence, taking children to medical centers for treatments, putting them temporarily at Short Stay Home and obtaining assistance from all the allied systems wherever required.The Child Welfare Committee has played an important role in this.

Awareness programme
Awareness programmes were conducted for 372 PCOs, 525 auto rishaw drivers, 241 SHGs, 241 police personnel, 256 hotel staff and 2450 school children.

Linkages

CHILDLINE which is a project of Ministry of Women and Child Development worked closely with the allied systems such as Police, Telecommunication department, hospitals, short stay home etc. It also worked closely with local NGOs, CBOs and CIF.

Impact

Today if one goes to any village or any school in the project area, the public, especially children are aware of the services of Child helpline 1098. There is also an increase in the intervention calls.



   Child Development Project

Goal
Reducing risk to children’s holistic wellbeing , making children’s rights a reality and creating an enabling environment that supports children’s positive development.

Objectives
To provide healthy environment for children in their early age
To collect baseline information on education and demographic data for programme planning
To enhance health condition of children in the project villages
To carry out capacity building programme for staff and community
To ensure sustainability of community based programmes















Activities


Two creches running in Keechankuppam and Pattinacherry villages and it has 25 boys and 24 girls. These children are given food and snacks everyday. A quality indicator tools assessment survey was conducted in 08 primary and 08 high schools to identify the infrastructure, learning level, and class room process and community participation.Another baseline data collection has been carried out in all the villages presently working. The report is under preparation.International day for eradication of poverty (16th October) and Children’ Day (14th November) were celebrated. Various competitions were conducted during this competition. Medical camp: Medical camps were organized in 12 villages and morethan 1000 children benefited out of it. Follow up actions have been taken. Training: Two staff trainings and one self help group training were conducted in which 30 Avvai staff and 70 SHG members have participated. A federation of SHGs consisting of 47 SHGs has been registered.




   Ilanthalir Adoption Programme
Goal
Ensuring child rights through safe family habitation for all admitted orphan and neglected children following established legal procedures up to the year 2010

Objectives

  To ensure care and support systems for all admitted orphan and neglected children at Kilvelur     care centre in the year 2007
 
Activities
1. During the year, 14 children were given residential care in a clean atmosphere. 05 children      have obtained clearance certificate for adoption. Of this two have been given for foster care.

2. Counseling has been provided to the parents of children and 05 home visits made. Medical      assistance was provided as required.

Impact
Giving two children in foster care has ensured safe life for two children for future. This is a heartening situation.

  Community Awareness on Education . . .

Goal
Enabling children from 5 tsunami affected villages of Nagapattinam District to go back to their schools and continue their studies.

Objective

To support education of all children in 5 villages by providing supportive services

Activities
Tuition centres were started in all the 5 villages in which 122 male and 105 female children took advantage of. The classes were from 6.00 PM to 7.30 PM and covered all the difficult subjects. Play materials were given in all the 5 villages in order to enhance children’s sports talents and recreation.

Staff Training
Training was imparted to 15 members which consisted of tuition centre teachers and staff of the project.
05 adolescent youth groups were given training in personal hygiene, HIV/AIDS, environmental hygiene etc through mediums like role play and group discussions.




   Preschool Education . . .

Goal
Facilitating healthy environment for children between the age group of 2 to 5 years in 5 centres in 5villages of Nagapattinam District.

Objectives
To introduce children to the field of education in child friendly way.
To ensure proper health of children.
To involve the parents/community in the early childhood development of children

Activities
Running of preschool centre: 05 centres are run in one Block of Nagapattinam District which has 125 children, 49 boys and 76 girls. Introduction to education is given by using child friendly methods such as play way, songs, role plays, games, etc.

Children in the preschool are provided with nutritious diet and medical examination as required. Food is given according to the nutrition level of children. Immunization to pregnant women has been carried out and health information on chicken gunea, fylariasis , clean environment, use of iodized salt, importance of mothers’ milk etc. has been given.


   Equitable Rehabilitation of Tsunami Victims . . .

Goal
Providing equitable and sustainable rehabilitation to Tsunami affected community with focus on children, dalits, women and marginal farmers in 31 villages in Sirkali Taluk of Nagapattinam District by 2007.

Qualitative Achievement
   To enable the restoration of infrastructure destroyed/damaged during the tsunami especially      in Agriculture and Health.
   To assist children to come back to normalcy.
  To carry out capacity building programmes to various groups on topics such as preventive
    health, etc.
   To support livelihood activities of self help and agriculture groups.
 
Activities
            17 schools were renovated through the construction of compound walls, renovation of toilets,fixing of playing equipments, drinking water facilities etc. 3 canals were renovated to improve water supply to 495 acres of land to benefit 1769 beneficiaries. 10 river bunds were strengthened and two new bunds were formed in order to benefit 830 acres of land. On 1125 acres of salinated land, horticultural saplings such as mango, coconut, cashew, suppotta and amla were planted. Coastal belt plantation was carried out in Thirumullaivasal and Koolaiyar villages in 55 acres of land. One farm pond was constructed to benefit 478 farmers for irrigation and domestic purposes.

   10 child care centres were constructed, which has benefited 2921 children. 28 child care centres with provision of nutritious food are benefiting 2921 children. 31 school health awareness programmes were carried out in 15 schools and it has benefited 887 students. Sports and games materials were distributed to 17 renovated schools and 28 child care centres. Personal hygiene, educational programmes were carried out and mini health guides were distributed to children which has benefited to 750 children. 3200 children were given school uniforms of three sets each. Library books were given to all 28 child care centres.

10 school teachers and volunteers were trained as community health workers in 31 villages to train the self help group members in personal hygiene, HIV/AIDS and other women disease related issues. Vocational/livelihood trainings were given to 100 self help group members. 28 Village Reconstruction Committee (VRC) were given training on implementation of programmes and importance of sustainability. 28 teachers and 28 volunteers were trained by NIMHANS on stress management during disasters and child counseling. 28 teachers in 11 child care centres were trained in inclusive education.


 300 self help groups with total membership of 4199 were given seed capital as part of their revolving fund in order to support their livelihood activities. Sustainability will be ensured by these groups through proper repayment and monitoring. 89 men self help groups with the membership of 1246 were also financially assisted with seed capital. A federation of self help groups nsisting of 300 self help groups was formed to ensure sustainability and to provide support to weak self help groups.

Impact
After the devastating T sunami, in Sirkali Taluk, children, dalits and marginal farmers were largely ignored by NGOs and Government. In addition, the agricultural land holders, whose cultivable land got salinated ,were not cared of by any of the developmental agencies. Avvai took up the challenge and along with Aide-et-Action, prepared a comprehensive developmental plan for the area and activities were being implemented as per the plan.

Avvai concentrated on different sections of the affected population such as children, women and farmers. The areas concentrated by the project were capacity building, stress management, disaster preparedness, health and hygiene, agricultural land development, livelihood development, sustainable group efforts etc.

After the initiation of programmes, there is a new vibrancy and enthusiasm among the local population as they are gaining confidence to cope up with life which otherwise was shattered. Sustainability of all the activities has been ensured through the community based organization and capacity building programmes carried out.

   Women Empowerment Programme . . .

Goal
Enabling women in the project villages through empowerment and livelihood promotion measures in a sustainable way by 2015.

Objectives

To promote unity and facilitate saving habit among women between the age of 18-60 living below poverty line by forming 300 women and 120 youth self help groups in the target villages in one year.
To empower 420 self help group members with knowledge and skills on management, entrepreneurship and social issues.
To increase the financial status of the members by 20% in the income level by engaging in financial and entrepreneurial activities.
To Ensure sustainability by establishing linkages, adhering to systems, formation of federation, etc.

Activities

During the year, formation of 300 self help groups was planned and 283 were formed, consisting of 1509 members. These groups have a total savings of Rs.42450/-. 97 youth self help groups were formed the members are between the age group of 18-35. These groups have savings of Rs.15500 and membership of 1458.
Entrepreurship training was imparted to 35 SHGs consisting of 180 members in income generation activities and marketing techniques. Another 20 SHGs were given skill training in toys making, leather bag making, cell phone service, mushroom growth, etc. In addition, they were given orientation on importance of savings, book keeping, minutes writing, etc.
A Group of 105 animators and SHGs representatives were trained on savings, rate of interest for varies types of loans and book keeping. 1550 SHG members belong to 105 SHGs underwent a training on aspects of management of self help groups such as calling for meeting, conducting a meeting, minutes keeping, follow up actions, loan disbursement procedures, loan recovery, sustainability, etc.
Besides lending funds out of savings, SHGs established linkages with HDFC and disbursed an amount of Rs.49620000/-benefiting 216 SHGs. The amount was expected to be use for income generation activities like goat, agricultural activities, grocery shop, etc.
Death insurance for 8658 SHG members was taken covering 250 SHGs. A total premium of Rs.432900was paid to ICICI for this purpose. Out of four claims submitted one has been received and three are pending.
350 SHGs received an amount of Rs.940000 as grant from District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) for income generating purposes.
An amount of Rs.16565000/- was received through banks which went to 43 SHGs for the purpose of developing economic activities. This amount has a subsidy component contributed by DRDA
129 Federations consisting of 3250 SHGs and 48750 members at the level of panchayats were formed. These federations were given training in management of SHGs, financial transaction management and establishing linkages.
We were pleased to have been short listed to receive a State level Manimehalai award from the Government of Tamil Nadu for the best SHG –Shri Vallankulathu Mariamman from Kilvelur of Nagapattinam district.
SHGs and Avvai celebrated World Women’s Day on 22nd March by distributing seed money of Rs.420000 at the function. District Collector, PLF Secretary, Joint Secretary, Member of Parliament, Project officer LDM & AGM. 200 federations with an attendance of 1250 participated in the function. One of our SHG-”Marumalarchi”from Nagapattinam was awarded as best SHG at District level.
One of the SHG formed in Kollitheevu village took active interest in social activities and succeeded in eliminating illicit liquor brewing from the village. Before the formation of SHG, it was difficult for women even to pass through the place. The SHG initially tried to petition to police, but as it is failed they themselves drove the illicit brewers away.
In order to ensure sustainability of this women movement, Avvai very recently has promoted “Namadu Deepam Mutual Benefit Trust”. This is an independent body, which will manage its own affairs independently. Two such Trusts have already been registered.

Impact
At the moment the rehabilitated cases are a great resource for our treatment and awareness programmes. 205 Cases have been rehabilitated in full time jobs and some cases have been rehabilitated through income generation activities. Partnership with Alcoholic Anonymous has resulted in the recovery and strengthening sobriety in several cases. Due to the limited facilities available, the centre is not able to admit all the cases that are referred.


   Vidiyal - Family Counselling Centre. . .

Goal
Promoting harmonious family life among people living in Nagapattinam District by 2015.

Objectives

To minimize family problems arising out of alcoholism, domestic violence, dowry problem, etc in Nagapattinam District in the year 2006-2007 and to reduce it by 5% every year.
To provide information on legal rights of women and link women with resources locally available.
To establish linkages with the police departments, hospitals, NGOs, CBOs etc. to address issues together.

Activities

The Family counseling center, counselled 224 cases out of which 74 were due to alcoholic addiction, 58 separation due to addiction, 27 domestic violence, 17 family disorganization, 1 case of unwed mother, 47 cases of maladjustment and 37 awareness creation cases. A total of 900 counselling sessions were held with all the above categories.Awareness programmes

were conducted for various groups such as fishermen, men and women self help group members and adolescents girls. The topics in these sessions comprised of ill-effects of alcoholism, women and children rights, dowry related issues,premarital counseling and government schemes.The counseling centre functioned in collaboration with All Women Police Station, Free Legal Aid Centre, De-addiction centre, SHGs and other NGOs, CBOs, and Grievance day at Collectorate, Nagpattinam. The Sub-Committee members contribute by providing publicity and referring cases to the centre.




Impact
In and around Nagapattinam, there is hardly any place where people approach for mitigating their personal problems without paying any fees. Family counseling centre has been a great solace to these affected sections of society. Presently, we are having more cases than we can handle. The centre is satisfied with the rehabilitation of 198 cases through its counseling process. Efforts are on to use these rehabilitated cases as resource persons in the awareness programmes.


   Adaikalm Short stay Home for Women . . .

Goal
Protecting and rehabilitating women and children between the age of 15 and 40 under difficult circumstances in Nagapattinam District on a continuous basis

Objectives
   To provide institutional support and rehabilitate 30 women (15-40) under difficult circum
     stances in Nagapattinam District in 2006-2007
   To provide food, clothing, medical facilities and entertainment to the inmates.
   To counsel and rehabilitate women and to provide vocational training for 30 women.
   To establish network with other free legal aid, NGO and other Government Department

Activities
   During the year 2006-2007, 56 cases were admitted. At the end of the period, there were 28     inmates. 28 cases restored/rehabilitated to their respective legal guardians.
   All inmates were provided with food, clothing, medical facilities, and entertainment. Television     set, newspaper and library are provided. The inmates were taken out for movies and outings.     Medical officer visited the home four times in a month and appropriate medication was     provided. 8 children of the inmates were provided appropriate provision like infant food,     crèche and schooling.
   471 Individual counseling and 76 family counseling sessions were held and the short stay      home succeeded in rehabilitating 28 inmates. Skill trainings were imparted in tailoring,      embroidery, greetings card making, flower making etc.
   The home runs with the help of Government assistance and haas established linkages with      various Government departments and NGOs in the areas. Home committee meeting which      has members from various partners organizations have met regularly and reviewed the      progress of the home.

Impact
It was heartening to see the rehabilitated cases getting settled in the normal family atmosphere. Bringing peace and harmony to these families has given lot of encouragement to continue to provide this service further.


   Vocational Training - Silladi. . .
Goal
Engage in sustainable rehabilitation activities for the tsunami affected through SHGs in Silladi village of Nagapattinam District through livelihood activities.
Objective
To increase the income level of 136 members of 9 SHGs by 30% by 2008 in the Silladi village of Nagapattinam District.
Activities

06 SHGs with 76 members were provided with an amount of Rs.545000/- to engage in livelihood development activities. Later, they formed themselves into a federation and added three more SHGs and in one year the total amount at the disbursal of the federation had gone up to 988000/-


Skill training has been imparted to 45 members in preparation of items like masala powder, fancy flower making, tailoring etc. They were given opportunities to open showrooms at Nagore and Veilankanni during the festival season and this resulted in an increase of sales.


Impact
This project has demonstrated to all the SHGs that if they unite, manage their groups well and work hard, could result in the form of increased income in a short period of 12 months. It has also been demonstrated that, SHGs needs to go to open market to sell their products and earn income.

   Marumalarchi Swadhar Home. .

Goal

Ensuring holistic development of women and girls under distress through counseling and rehabilitation measures in Nagapattinam District.
Objectives
To ensure safe & healthy atmosphere for women and girls under distress.
To provide them information on self-reliance, legal matters and rehabilitation.
Activites
During the period, 82 cases were admitted of which 39 cases were rehabilitated by restoring with parents, self employment and marriage. In the home, the inmates were provided with shelter, food, clothing, counseling, psychological support, rehabilitation measures and medical facilities.

Vocational trainings were provided to inmates on envelope making, basket making, tailoring, embroidery etc.

51 awareness programmes were conducted on women’s rights, reproductive health care, legal provision for women etc

Inmates are taken out to temples and other open spaces for change.

33 cases followed up and made home visits.

Impact
Rehabilitated cases expressed deep felt thanks and appreciation for the services rendered by Swadhar Home. This is the real impact and reward we hope to continue to obtain in future with greater vigour.


   Young People Community Peer Education Programme . . .

Goal
Protect young people from HIV/AIDS through life skill education

Objectives
To train 15000 young people in the age group of 12-18 in HIV/AIDS and related issues through life skill education by the end of December 2006 in Nagapattinam District

Activities

307 sessions of community awareness programmes were conducted in which 7926 males    and 8699 females participated. Innovative awareness building methodologies were used in    these sessions to carry the message relating to HIV/AIDS.
Peer Educators’ training: 18 peer educators’ trainings were conducted in which 224 males   and 263 females participated. This was a sort of training of trainers programme and after the    training the trainees were expected to go and spread the message of prevention and ill-effects   of HIV/AIDS in their own villages.
In order to refresh their knowledge and keep the interest going, 80 peer review meetings were    conducted.
 192 Youth friendly spaces were have been established as a meeting place for peer educators    and youth to meet and exchange ideas.
80 mapping exercises were conducted in order to document the effects of the work of peer    educators in the villages.
Linkages and publicity: In collaboration with Nehru Yuva Kendra one training was organized for   NSV/NYS volunteers in which 8 males and 20 females were participated. The peer convention   was also organized as part of this training.

Impact
The most important impact of this programme has been that it is the first time in this community such an awareness programme was taking place and it was an eye-opener. After this programme has been initiated, several STI/HIV/AIDS cases have been identified which otherwise would not have come to the fore. Such identification prevents spread of HIV/AIDS. In addition, availability of ICTC in their own area has made testing much more accessible to the local population.


   Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS. . .

Goal
Education on prevention and control of STI/HIV/AIDS and promotion of peer education among children, young people, men and women in 10 villages of Sirkali and Kollidam Blocks of Nagapattiam District by 2007
Objectives
To provide awareness and knowledge on HIV/AIDS to population living in 10 villages by
   December 2007
To use innovative capacity building methodologies to create awareness.
Activities

Staff recruitment and training: Being a new project, the initial activity was to recruit staff and give them orientation. 13 staff have been recruited and they were given two days’ orientation in basic facts on STI/HIV/AIDS, myths and misconception, prevention measures, service sectors for HIV/AIDS, community approaches, mapping exercise, roles and responsibilities of the staff and monitoring and evaluation.

Immediately after the two days’ training, staff went to the villages and conducted a mapping exercise. To collect information on primary health centre, village health nurse, private and government hospitals, NGOs working for the children, CBOs, private clinics, health and sanitation issues, service sectors, risk prone areas of HIV/AIDS, risk groups, incidence of HIV/AIDS etc. the mapping exercise is still going on and findings will be collected soon.



    Puthumalar - Prevention of alcoholism and substance (drugs)abuse . . .

Goal
Rehabilitate 50% of addicted persons in Nagapattinam district by 2012.

Objectives

To address the issue of alcoholic and other addictions by increasing the number of cases attended by 25% in one year.
To sustain services to recovered cases so that relapses are reduced to 10% during the coming year.
To enhance the awareness level on the ill-effects of alcoholism and thus arrest and reduce instances in Nagapattinam District by 10% every year
To organize advocacy programme for Government officials, private practitioners and other NGOs

Activities
During the year, the centre admitted 223 cases referred to it. Individual counseling was given
to 1566 cases. 304 group therapy, 155 family therapy and 217 Yoga therapy sessions were conducted in order to make the treatment successful. In order to prevent relapses, the centre carried out 235 home visits and 250 follow-up counseling sessions.

In order to raise the awareness on ill-effects of alcoholic- addiction high risk groups were identified and 37awareness programmes were conducted at educational institutions, auto & truck drivers, fishermen community etc. Advocacy and linkages were established through various forums such as alcoholic anonymous and Family counseling centre in order to widen the scope of activities of the centre.

Impact
At the moment the rehabilitated cases are a great resource at our treatment and awareness programmes. 205 cases have been rehabilitated in full time jobs and some cases have been rehabilitated through income generation activities. Partnership with Alcoholic Anonymous has resulted in the recovery and strengthening sobriety in several cases. Due to the limited facilities available the centre is not able to admit all the cases that are referred.


   Anubavam Home for the Aged. . .

Goal
Providing elders without any dependents, a health environment.

Objectives
1. To offer shelter facilities to elders above the age of 60.
2. To assist the elders with medical facilities
3. To provide counseling and entertainment facilities to elders
4. To engage in resource mobilization activities

Activities

During the year 15 elders (male 5 and female 10) were admitted to the home. During the same period 16 residents (male 7 and female 9) were reunited to their relations.
06 medical camps were conducted for the inmates during the year in partnership with several organizations such as HelpAge, Aravind eye hospital, Kilvelur Lions club, Bramakumari Dhiyana Yoga Centre etc. Follow up and medical treatment were given as per requirements
For entertainment, a Television, daily newspaper and library were provided. Elders’ Day was celebrated on October 5th by conducting competition and awarding prizes to the winners. Republic day, Independence day and Tamil new year day were celebrated by the elders.
During the year the home succeeded in mobilizing Rs. 43000 as donation. Efforts are on to get materials like clothing and food to make the home self-reliant.
An elders committee has been constituted to look in to the day-to-day problems and management of the residents. This committee is expected to take care issues related to elders with outside organization and also mobiles resource.

Impact
Finding peace and solace when your own kith and kin ignores is a great impact on the residents of this home. Medical and recreational facilities coupled with healthy food and clothing have added to their physical and mental wellbeing.



   Sponsor a Granny Programme

Goal
Enabling elders in most distressed need to have provision of essential requirements


Objectives
  To ensure healthy life for the elders.
  To provide holistic support such as medical support and festival celebrations
   To make the programme self-reliant through sponsorship of elders by the public.

Activities

   On the 3rd of every month, 55 beneficiaries receive provision worth Rs. 350/- for their     sustenance. Of this 20 are male elders and 35 are female elders.
   Medical and recreational support: When the elders come for getting their monthly provision,      arrangements are made for medical check up, counseling and plan for festival celebrations.
    Each of the elder as sponsors through HelpAge India, who contribute towards the expenses.
    Linkages have been established with Lions club, Rotary club, Primary health centre, Private       hospital etc.

Impact
This programme has evolved in to a real participatory one in which elders have formed a committee which decides on the content of the provision and the festival they would like to celebrate, They also discuss various issues and problems of elders and take matters to appropriate authorities as required.



   Elders Rehabilitation Programme
Goal
Rehabilitation and reconstruction for the aged in the sectors of social security, health care and
disaster preparedness in 10 tsunami affected villages by 2007.

Objectives
1. To promote sustainable social security to eligible elders
2. To ensure livelihood opportunities for the elders.
3. To promote sustainable self-reliant elders’ forums.

Activities
During the period under report, 108 Elder Self Help Groups (ESHGs) have been formed with a total membership of 1487 with 502 males and 985 female members. There are 46 female ESHGs, 13 male ESHGs and 49 mixed ESHGs. Presently these groups have a total savings of Rs. 13,76359/-

In order to make elders groups sustainable, SHGs were organized in to 10 Village Level Federations. The members of these federations were trained in management of the groups, advocacy and linkages.

A representative body consisting of 3 members each from federations was formed at District Level called as District Level Federation for the elders. The main objectives of the federation is to take up matters/issues of the elders to district administration, commercial banks, NGOs etc. The members of the federation was also given training on management of such a federation, its needs and objectives, structure, savings subscription, interest, book keeping, grading of groups, advocacy and lobbying, addressing social issues and social audit of groups.

On Elders’ Day, a campaign was organized to bring awareness to the public on the plight and needs and problems of the elders through a rally which culminated at the collectorate. A petition was given to the collector listing various demands of the elders. Later, a half day seminar was conducted describing various government schemes, requirement of the banks to make ESHGs bankable along with cultural programmes.

In order to ensure better livelihood and financial self-reliancy, assistance was given to 76 ESHGs, initially Rs. 30,000/- each to grade A groups and Rs. 25000/- each to B grade groups. Elders used these funds for the following purposes; petty shop 13, idly shop 14, candle making 7, medical expenses 38, family expenses 63, fish vending 161, dry fishing 52 and vegetable sales 41.

Elders’ Forum: In order to make elders programme participatory, 17 Village Elder Care Committees (VECC) were formed. The members of these committees were given training on VECC concept, Government schemes for elderly, advocacy and linkages.

These committees took the responsibilities for distribution of provision. As the requirement for provision differed from family to family depending upon their size and economic situation, the VECCs analyzed each family and recommended appropriate quota. VECC identified certain economically better off families and they were given provision on an emergency basis as loan. The repayment of this loan was put into VECC accounts. In addition, 312 solar lamps were distributed to 312 beneficiaries.
Advocacy and linkages: In spite of the efforts by elders and Avvai, commercial banks initially refused to give loans to elderly self help groups. After taking up the issues at the level of district collector and bankers meeting, two ESHGs were given loan. Presently in principle, banks have agreed to give loans to ESHGs.

Impact
After tsunami it is for the first time that elders were considered for assistance. Now there is a new enthusiasm and vigour among the elders which has rekindled their aspirations in life. Having sufficient food and peace of mind is what one wishes at the later stage of life.

They are happy about the availability of a forum to express their opinion and grievances. They are determined to strengthen and continue the forums.



  Ambujam Home for the Aged

Goal
Providing elders without any dependents, a healthy environment.

Objectives

   To offer shelter facilities to elders above the age of 60.
   To assist the elders with medical facilities
   To provide counseling and entertainment facilities to elders
   To engage in resource mobilization activities.

Activities

During the year 11 elders (male 5 and female 6) were admitted to the home. During the same period 11 residents (male 7 and female 9) were reunited to their relations. 02 medical camps were conducted for the inmates during the year in partnership with s everal organizations such as Lions club, Rotary club, Merchant association, Jain sangam etc Follow up and medical treatment were given as per requirements

For entertainment, a Television and daily newspaper were provided. Elders’ Day was celebrated on October 1th by conducting competition and awarding prizes to the winners. Republic day, Independence day and Tamil new year day were celebrated by the elders. During the year the home succeeded in mobilizing Rs. 19700 as donation. Efforts are on to get materials like clothing, domestic vessels and food to make the home self-reliant.

Impact

Coming from the background of rejection and difficulties to find one’s food and clothing, elders found the home a safe and healthy place to spend their last years of life. Efforts are on to get Old Age Pension for the inmates.


   Day Care Centre for the Aged . . .

Goal
Enable the aged people living in Sangamangalam Panchayat in Palaiyanoor Melpathi Village in Nagapattinam District, to lead peaceful and dignified life by providing basic needs, care and protection throughout their life from the year 2002.

Objectives
To provide an elder friendly environment
To support elders to have a healthy mind in a healthy body
To promote unity and encourage group decision making process.

Activities

Fifty two inmates were given shelter in a friendly atmosphere. One mid day meal and tea and refreshments were given to the inmates. This has helped them to have a healthier life and save money for other personal needs. Village health nurse visited the centre twice every month and once in three months medical check up camps were organised. Yoga classes and meditations were enthusiastically patronised by the elders. Individual counselling were given to all the inmates and home visits made as per need. Elders’ day was celebrated with cultural programmes and food. Group exercises provided an opportunity for expressing their views and vent their feelings.



Impact
From a situation of neglect and depression these elders now have a place of solace and peace where their primary needs of shelter, food and medical needs are taken acre of. Avvai propose to continue this activity with further capacity addition so that more elders can take advantage of the facilities available.

   Partcipatory Disaster Proofing of Tsunami Affected Target Villages. . .
 Goal
Sustainable rehabilitation of 30 tsunami affected villages through restoration of ecological balance and community participation in Sirkali, Kollidam, Sembanarkoil blocks of Nagapattinam District.

Objectives

To restore ecological balance.
To prepare schools as eco-centers.
To develop infrastructure for disaster preparedness.
To train people on disaster preparedness.

Activities

Desalination: 458 acres of land was made suitable for cultivation through ploughing, which belongs to 186 agricultural families. 200 domestic ponds and 02 irrigation ponds were provided which would benefit 129 families.

Coastal plantation was carried out on 40 acres of land benefiting 12 families. Vermicompost activities been introduced to 40 families.


For crop rotation, with 1500 kg of seeds (Black Gram) benefiting 500 families has been introduced. 03 seed banks have been formed with 330 kg of paddy seeds benefiting 07 families. Training on organic farming and animal husbandry has been given to 363 families. 02 demonstration plots have been started using modern agricultural methods. Training in Disaster preparedness was given in two
villages benefited. 95 villagers and 67 members of the staff.


Impact

Tsunami had made cultivable agricultural land non-cultivable. This project has succeeded in restoring ecological balance by taking up various agricultural and infrastructure related activities. Today, 458 acres of land affected by tsunami have become cultivable and this in turn had improved the livelihood of 186 families.

   Water and Sanitation Project . . .
 Goal
Improving the environmental hygiene levels in 05 villages in Sirkali Block of Nagapattinam District in one year

Objectives

To generate awareness towards sanitation for better living condition among the community and to improve the hygienic condition in the villages.

To make the programme sustainable


Activities

Construction of Sanitary complex: One sanitary complex constructed at Kaveripoompattinam which consists of 10 bathrooms (05 for males and 05 for females), 12 toilets, (06 for males and 06 for females) along with 06 cloth washing facilities has been provided.


Distribution of dust pins: 100 dust pins were distributed in all the villages and 7444 beneficiaries are benefiting out of it. 10 garbage carts and 10 compost pits have been provided which will benefit the entire population. 400 households have been assisted for kitchen garden.

In 05 villages, WATSAN committees have formed and the committees ensured proper implementation of all the sanitation activities.


Impact
Due to the sanitary activity taken in the village occurrence of common ailment have been reduced. People have become used to clean habits especially waste disposal and personal hygiene .

   Advocacy and Linkages . . .
Introduction  
Advocacy and linkages is one of the major components of Avvai’s operations. While we work in the field we also attempt to bring about policy changes to the extent possible in network with international NGOs, NGOs and CBOs. Avvai is a member of several decision making committees and bodies at the district and state level. In this report we have categorized advocacy into four to summarize our achievements in advocacy. These are- Children, Elders, Women, and Health and Sanitation.

Children

    Sensitization on child helpline 1098, child protection and child rights to all police personnel       and Government officials in and around Nagapattinam District
    Sensitizatized on child rights and protection to Govt. teachers.
    Avvai – Save the Children, Childline-1098, Christian Children Fund and other children      oriented projects have integrated together and sensitized child related issues and concerns      to the public.
    Avvai has sensitized the District Administration CWC functioning from Nagapattinam head       quarters.
    Brought about a change in the Government Hospital’s staff’s attitude to admit orphan and       truant children with out attendees.
    Transport department agreed to provide Free pass for the run away Children for restoration.
  
Women
   
Women Self Help Group members have been empowered to stand for civil positions such      as Member of ward, Councilor, Panchayat president, parliament, Legislative Assembly      and      etc
    Through Liaison with All the Women Police Station and other service providers Avvai has       succeeded in providing easy accessibility to government and other women welfare       programmes in Nagapattinam and other targeted areas.

Elders

     Sensitized the Government to implement elder’s helpline and it could be round the clock        service for the needy and elderly people. Through helpline they can get all the benefits such        as OAP, shelter homes, counseling & guidance and ESHG bankable
     Sensitized the Government Hospital to provide geriatric care and special ward for the Elderly        people.
     Sensitized the transport department, District administration and the public to provide        separate seat for the elderly people while they are traveling and it should be monitored by        conductors and drivers of each transport.

Health and Sanitation
     Sensitized the Government and private Teachers on Personal hygiene to provide right based        education for all the students.
     Sensitized the Village Health Nurse and Parents Teachers Association and Doctors to        create awareness among the public on Health and Sanitation.


   Conclusion . . .

At this year, we have undergone challenging and rewarding experiences towards rehabilitating Tsunami victims. Total staves have been increased three fold, Innovative actions have been undertaken, dynamic relationship has been promoted with new partners and deprived communities have been reached with comprehensive projects.

Three decades after its creation, Avvai has shown how efficient and capable it was in working for the causes of children, women, elders and other marginalized groups..

Those achievements could not have been possible without the support of its partners. That’s why, Avvai extends its humble solicitude to all staves contributed their full efforts towards promoting welfare of children, women and senior citizen in our intervention areas and especially for Tsunami victims in Nagapattinam District.

We also thank all Resource agencies, who have extended financial and technical support and joined hand to equip community groups.

   AVVAI's Partners in Development . . .
Aide-et-Action
CHILDLINE India Fountation
CHILD Fund India
Central Social Welfare Board
Care India
Directorate of Social Welfare
Europiean Commission
HDFC
HelpAge International
Individual & Institutional Donors
ICICI Prudentials
Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment
Ministry of Women & Child Welfare
Save the Children
Tamil Nadu Voluntry Health Association
Tamil Nadu State Social Welfare Board
Tamil Nadu Corporation for Development of Women Ltd..
Unicef


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