Chennai Flood

(Torrential Rain coupled with discharge of water from reservoirs)

The capital of Tamil nadu State, Chennai has received incessant rains since middle of November 2015, which is also termed as the heaviest in the last 100 years. During the month of November, Chennai recorded a whopping 1218.6 mm of rain – three times its monthly rainfall. The normal rainfall figures for November stand at 407.4 mm. On the first day of December itself, Chennai recorded 374 mm. The record rainfall coupled with the increased discharge of water from reservoirs around the city hampered rescue operations and paralysed life.

The heavy rains have crippled the life as numerous roads, train tracks, airport runways have been flooded. All flights have been suspended and most of the trains have been cancelled for days. Rescue operations have been started and the Defence forces along with the National Disaster Response Force have reached Chennai to save lives. Schools have been closed and exams have been postponed. In many parts of the city, residents have opened doors for stranded people. The meteorological department has predicted heavy rains for next 4 days in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry.

The flooding of the city and the suburbs has been caused essentially by the surplussing of waters from the reservoirs like Chembarambakkam, Poondi and Puzhal into Adyar and Cooum that criss-cross the city flooding several areas along the banks and displacing people from homes. An unprecedented 25,000 cusecs of water was released from the Chembarambakkam lake as the reservoir has been getting heavy supplies from the rain in catchment areas.

With many parts of Chennai, Kancheepuram, Tiruvallur and Cuddalore still submerged, it is feared that the scale of such human tragedy could be higher. The death toll in the rains that have lashed the city and other parts of state has gone up to 197.

Flood waters reached upto even the second floor of the Housing Board colonies on the banks of Adyar river as people reached roof tops looking for rescue and relief in several parts of the city and suburbs.

All modes of transport--air, road and rail services-- remained suspended due to the unprecedented deluge, leaving thousands of passengers stranded at the airport and various rail terminals. Suburban rail services also remained suspended.

Normal life in the city and suburbs were completely disrupted by lack of public transport, power and essential supplies as movement of vehicles were largely curtailed because flood waters even in hitherto-safe areas of the city. Mobile telephony largely remained crippled because of failure of telephone towers and the landline phones in several areas went still because of the flood in the of the areas.

Electricity has been cut off in most parts of the city as a precautionary measure while people went without essential supplies like milk and water.

Floods and incessant rainfall has cut off more than three million people from basic services and hampered rescue efforts which are being undertaken by the Army, which has so far evacuated 18,000 people from rooftops and outlying villages. Now a crowd-sourced effort has come up with a digital map of the city which updates about the waterlogged areas. Currently, there are 6,515 inundated roads/areas in Chennai. Moreover, flood waters receding in several areas but lakhs of people continued to suffer from lack of supply of essentials including water, power, milk and food items. So there are highest needs for relief and rehabilitation assistance for the people in the area.



Intervention of Avvai village welfare society in Flood affected villages at Chennai:

Avvai village welfare society is a registered voluntary organization working for the rights of children, women, elders and disaster affected in Nagapattinam District of Tamil nadu. Considering the flood crisis situation at Chennai, Avvai has immediately given its helping hand by having its branch office at Mugappaiyer, Chennai.  The rich experience and expertise in the sector of Disaster management by working during Tsunami, Thane Cyclone and Flood in association with Care India, European Commission, Aide-et-Action (DFID), Save the Children,  Goal- Ireland, giz, IGSSS, UNDP, Unicef,  HelpAge India,  CAPART, NABARD, Government of Tamil Nadu and Government of India has given a confident to work a mong flood victims at Chennai.

The trained staff team who have already got rich experience on Disaster Risk Reduction, DRM plan preparation and Climate Change adaptation and mitigation measures, got down to flood affected villages and worked in the camp site of  Thiruvallur and Kanchipuram Districts among most vulnerable to disaster situation by coordinating the support of like minded institutions on rescue and relief operation.

Need Assessment in Flood affected villages:

Besides relief and rescue operation, Avvai team has also given focus on need assessment in flood affected villages to address with right strategies and programmes. Thus the team divided into several groups and met the people in the flood affected villages and had interaction with key stakeholders, women, elders and children.

The Avvai team did its assessment in two pockets, one at  west side of Chennai and another at east side of Chennai and based on damages, the villages are graded into A, B and C as listed below,

S L No Name of the area District Grade of affected
1 Kanniyamman Nagar Thiruvallur C
2 Kalayanapuram Thiruvallur C
3 Ariya pedu Thiruvallur C
4 Sathya Nagar Thiruvallur A
5 Muntru Nagar Thiruvallur A
6 Ayapakkam Thiruvallur C
7 KalliKuppam Thiruvallur A
8 Solinga nallur Labour Colony CHENNAI A
9 Gypsy colony Pallavaram Cantonment Kanchipuram B
10 Pozhichalur Kanchipuram C
11 Anakaputhur Kanchipuram C
12 Varadharajapuram Kanchipuram C
13 Mudichur Kanchipuram C
14 Muppedu Kanchipuram B
15 Gowlbajar Kanchipuram A

Further to the grading of villages, as first step, full-fledged need assessment was done in A grade villages by having interaction, group meetings, mapping and assessment of damages to lives, livestock, infrastructure and livelihood.

In addition, the need assessment focused on characteristics of village location, mitigation facilities, hazard analysis, demographic details, safe shelter, relief materials on need and rehabilitation to be focused.

Besides the above villages, there are several areas which need to be focused on rebuilding their lives and livelihood with socio-economic development programmes,

Moreover, Avvai has dedicated long term plans to join hands with the international donors to support the flood victims on relief and rehabilitation measures and to work out the strategies and plans to deliver deliberate actions with concrete programmes.

An Appeal:

At present, in flood-devastated areas, over 68,000 of women and children belongs to scheduled caste and tribe communities got affected. Most of them have lost their homes, livelihoods and dear ones. They have no drinking water, no food and no control over their lives and are helpless. Avvai has already started relief work with local support however, it is imperative that immediate relief and rehabilitation to be offered to the affected. Avvai cannot do this alone and appeals to you to contribute by cash or kind to support the flood victims.


Immediate relief materials needed by the flood victims:

For Children

For Women

For Elders

For special children/women

Milk-Bread- Mosquito net- Medical facilities and nutrition foods-  Safety shoes  and school bags, clothes, drinking water, hygiene kits, education materials like slate, reading books, note-books and writing materials, first aid kit

Medical facilities-Sanitary Napkins- cloths, bed sheet, Mosquito nets, Candle mosquito coils,  soaps, milk,  bread,   Water  and food

Medical facilities- cloths, bed sheet, Mosquito nets, Candle . mosquito coils,  soaps, milk,  bread,   Water  and food, torch light, trunk box to keep materials, first aid kit

Bedsheet, bread,   Water, dresses, hand sticks, wheel chair, ear machine, Hygiene kit, first aid kit

Contribution can be made to, 

  • Account Name : Avvai village welfare society  
  • Bank Name : ICICI Bank
  • Branch : Nagapattinam
  • Type of Account :Savings Bank Account 
  • Account Number : 609401018626
  • IFSC Code: RTGS/NEFT IFS Code: ICIC0006094
  • MICR No: 611229002

Avvai village welfare society, 260. Public Office Road, Velipalayam, Nagapattinam-611 001, Tamil nadu State.  Email:, web:


Contact person: Mr. M. Krishnakumar
Contact No. 09150150400 & 09443317544

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